Some villages have been divided in two by new boundaries.
While their visible presence is reassuring, questions still remain over longer-term solutions.
Resentment of their presence is deeply connected with historical memories of occupation.
Residents return to a very different reality.
Families whose houses were destroyed in the conflict face a cold winter and uncertain future.
Thousands of residents have already come back, but many face a challenging future.
With both Armenia and Azerbaijan as neighbours, Tbilisi has long tried to stay neutral.
Opposition protests continue over terms of treaty with Azerbaijan.
With questions remaining over implementation, any move towards reconciliation seems far away.
The scale of hostilities, including the use of precision-guided weapons, has already exceeded previous escalations.