Poor management and few financing options mean that most outlets are in thrall to political powers.
Are Kyiv’s sanctions against pro-Russian TV channels and social networks a violation of free speech or essential to fight disinformation?
The pandemic has allowed the authorities to further abuse technology and restrict freedom of speech.
Experts fear that the Covid-19 crisis may deal a fatal blow to some independent outlets.
The regime cannot counter the immediacy of radical but peaceful collective disobedience.
Despite the head of state’s supposed backing of courageous journalism, harassment continues apace.
How NGOs and independent media united to counter an organised disinformation campaign.
Warnings that new legislation will have a chilling effect on independent media.
Border changes and simmering tensions leaves those continuing to document life in the region under threat.
Media workers warn that the regime is systematically trying to silence them.