The incumbent has promised change, but prospects for a more democratic system are not promising.
Analysts see this is as opportunity for the president to assert himself outside the shadow of the country’s first leader.
Citizens said yes to the proposed constitutional amendments, but few believe the state’s hold on power will ease.
Attempts to hold an annual rally has become a highly symbolic tradition for the feminist movement.
Since 1991, the ex-leader has become identified with the state itself, but his status is now crumbling.
Calls for reinstatement of “Astana” as ex-leader continues to be blamed for legacy of corruption and inequality.
In Nur-Sultan, glitzy shopping malls and swanky hotels mirror Kazakstan's vast natural resources. In the outskirts, villages with no running water and basic services tell a different story of poverty and inequality.
Vast natural resources have made a select few rich while millions of Kazaks struggle to make ends meet.
Leadership promises economic reforms – but does not stint on criticism of elite.
The career diplomat’s slow, hierarchical advancement has finally lead to real authority.