Challenge for Change
As we celebrate achievement, we remember that there is much more to do.
Women are on the frontlines, and International Women’s Day is a pause to celebrate inspiration and achievement. But it should also be an opportunity to recognize urgency and risk – there are gains, but there is much more to do.
In Myanmar, women are leading demonstrations against the military coup, showing extreme bravery. “As a woman, we are still considered as a second sex,” Esther Ze Naw, one of the rally leaders, told the New York Times. “That must be one of the reasons why women activists seem more committed to rights issues.” Rising numbers of women have been killed in the protests, and each one should be commemorated as a hero for democracy.
In Syria, according to analysis by Care International, the percentage of households run by women has jumped from four per cent before the war to nearly one-quarter today. Women are not only taking up the role of family provider but supporting humanitarian assistance and confronting extremism. Many – as through IWPR programming – are making their voices heard as reporters and citizen journalists. All Syrian women struggling to survive and speak out are sources of inspiration.
In Afghanistan, the situation is growing increasingly acute, with ongoing assassinations of women jurists, journalists and others. Just two weeks ago, three female production staff at Enikas radio and TV in eastern Nangarhar province were killed on their way home from work.
This sustained campaign on civil society by religious extremists comes at a critical time for that country, as the United States re-evaluates the ongoing peace process and the agreement in place to give the Taleban a major role in government.
The killings in Afghanistan shows that many within society “are trying to silence women forever,” said Naqiba Barakzai, an award-winning journalist from Herat in western Afghanistan and herself a profile in courage. Most recently, she was honoured by the Dutch Embassy in Afghanistan for her work on human rights.
A superb participant in some of IWPR’s past programming, Barakzai has faced significant challenges, including open threats for her ground-breaking reporting on the sexual frustration of women whose husbands take multiple wives. She has had to go into hiding and suspend her reporting for periods due to security concerns – and has now been forced to step back from reporting entirely.
“Women have made significant progress in the past 19 years,” she says. “But if these gains are not protected, the women of Afghanistan will experience a repetition of their dark and bitter history. They face silence and confinement to their homes, having to leave the country, or even death.”
In addition to the assassinations, Barakzai notes that women are being driven out of their hard-won professional roles. According to some estimates, over the past six years more than 900 Afghan women journalists have abandoned the profession due to risk and social pressures.
Barakzai believes that a more coordinated approach among women in Afghanistan across all sectors could help protect women’s rights, especially if women are able to bridge regional, ethnic and religious divisions. Above all, she believes it is essential for women to keep fighting hard. “The only way to be successful in our struggle is to never give up”.
In Afghanistan, Myanmar, Syria and beyond, the courage and the challenge for women continue.
Anthony Borden is executive director of the Institute for War & Peace Reporting.