Arrests seen as a way for Kazak authorities to justify their claim that the clashes were sparked by external forces.
While Brussels is keen to provide technical help and mediation, its role can only go so far.
As Azerbaijan captures 13 Armenian servicemen amid the worst fighting since the 2020 war, the fate of other prisoners of war remains uncertain.
Even small acts of defiance can have serious consequences.
Calls for further sanctions as well as heightened protection for pro-democracy campaigners.
Journalist’s arrest puts protest movement back on international agenda.
Experts warn of "ugly and dirty political game" over detainees.
Pandemic restrictions mean that many face arrest or serious harm if they try to cross into Tbilisi-controlled territory.
Former detainees report overcrowding, little medical care and no chance of isolating those who fall sick.
Female students, some now living in exile, have been at the forefront of the protest movement.