Institute for War and Peace Reporting | Giving Voice, Driving Change

Safeguarding the Rights of Syrian Citizens

Offices set up in opposition-held areas process civil, legal and family issues.
By Sonia al-Ali
  • Members of an FSLA documentation centre at work. (Photo: Sonia al-Ali)
    Members of an FSLA documentation centre at work. (Photo: Sonia al-Ali)

When Anas Arbo from the village of Jarjanaz in Idlib’s countryside bought a plot of land, he went to the Free Syrian Lawyers Association (FSLA) in Maarat al-Numan to register his property.

“I registered the sale and purchase contract at the FSLA documentation centre to protect my rights of ownership, which is particularly important in the prevailing difficult circumstances,” the 39 year-old told Damascus Bureau.

The Maarat al-Numan documentation centre is one of many offices established by the FSLA in opposition-held towns and cities to ensure that the rights of the public are upheld.

The centres were founded after the Syrian government set up numerous checkpoints around public institutes, including civil and land registries, which led to the arrest of many opposition members attempting to visit these offices.

“Many people stopped going to government offices out of fear of arbitrary arrest at checkpoints,” Rami al-Numan, head of public relations at Idlib’s documentation centre, told Damascus Bureau.

“This prompted a group of us who work as lawyers and legal experts to establish the civil documentation project,” the 42 year-old added.   

According to Numan, FSLA civil documentation centres maintain updated records to safeguard citizens’ rights from the day they are born to the day they die.

These offices deal with contracts including sale, purchase and lease. They also deal with administrative matters related to civil and family affairs such as documenting births, deaths, marriages, divorces, separations and guardianship.

Numan said that maintaining updated records, data and statistics were essential to measuring population growth and density, and planning for social development.

Idlib governorate is served by four documentation centres located in Maarat al-Numan, Jabal al-Zawiya, Saraqib and Idlib city centre. Three to five lawyers work at each centre.

“Certificates issued for individuals by documentation centres are as good as ID cards in liberated areas,” Misbah al-Hasun, governor of Maarat al-Numan, told Damascus Bureau.

“Booklets containing details of members of a family can also be issued by these centres, but passports can only be issued by immigration offices which are governed by the regime,” the 50 year-old added.

The FSLA is funded by a number of organisations supporting governance, the rule of law and empowering civil administrations. All services provided by its documentation centres are free of charge.   

“We digitise records so that we can easily access accurate information related to quotas, properties and shares. We are also in the process of organising land registries and ensuring that all records are maintained properly,” said Mustafa Gharib, who works at the Maarat al-Numan documentation centre.

Ownership disputes are referred to sharia courts. Once a case is settled and a party is declared the rightful owner, their property is registered at a documentation centre.

The FSLA recently launched a public awareness campaign entitles Document Your Right to raise public awareness about its services.

“All our lawyers strive to achieve one goal, which is to serve the general public,” al-Numan told Damascus Bureau.

“Our only hope is that when these difficult times the people of our country are living are over, their rights will have been protected allowing them a brighter future.”

Sonia al-Ali is the pseudonym of a Damascus Bureau contributor from Maarat al-Numan. The 33 year-old holds a BA in Arabic Literature and works as a teacher. She is married with four children.

Read the Arabic version of this article here