Global Voices - Srebrenica 20th Anniversary | Institute for War and Peace Reporting

IWPR SPOTLIGHT: 20 YEARS ON

The Srebrenica genocide

On July 11, 1995, Bosnian Serb forces took control of the town of Srebrenica in eastern Bosnia. In the days that followed, more than 7,000 Muslim men and boys were killed while under the protection of UN peacekeepers. It was Europe’s worse atrocity since the Holocaust, and 20 years later, more than 1,000 missing people have yet to be identified.

 

Even today, however, the massacres are not universally recognised. On July 8, at the request of Serbia, Russia vetoed a United Nation Security Council Resolution that would have acknowledged the killings as genocide. Without justice and reconciliation, the wounds left by the Srebrenica killings will not be healed.

 

IWPR has been working in the Balkans since the conflicts of the early 90s began, training media professionals and covering scores of the war crimes trials which have brought some measure of justice for survivors. Here we look back at some of the key issues left unresolved since Srebrenica.

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First convictions for
genocide
in Europe
to be entered by an international criminal tribunal

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8,372
Dead and missing individuals 
(Potočari memorial centre)

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6,930
Individuals identified
(International Commission on Missing Persons, ICMP)

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6,241
Bodies buried at Potočari
As of June 1, 2015
(International Commission on Missing Persons, ICMP)

“To respect the past, we must call Srebrenica by its name, genocide.”

Serge Brammertz

ICTY prosecutor

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20
Persons indicted by the ICTY
for the Srebrenica events of 1995

More than
1,000
witness testimonies

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14
Convictions
For genocide and/or other crimes

1
Terminated case
Accused died before judgement

1
Acquittal
(Momčilo Perišić)

3
Cases still ongoing at the ICTY

“Closure cannot come until there is cultural and social recognition of the events of 20 years ago. Strength is needed to face the past, and justice has to go beyond legal redress.”

Anthony Borden

IWPR Executive Director

“Through error, misjudgement and an inability to recognise the scope of the evil confronting us, we failed to do our part to help save the people of Srebrenica from the Serb campaign of mass murder.”

Kofi Annan

UN Secretary general, 1991