Many villages have become border settlements, with no buffer zone.
Officials warn that historic sites in areas under Baku’s control risk damage.
While their visible presence is reassuring, questions still remain over longer-term solutions.
Resentment of their presence is deeply connected with historical memories of occupation.
Residents return to a very different reality.
Thousands of residents have already come back, but many face a challenging future.
Engagement has focused more on economic cooperation than conflict resolution.
Hi-tech weapon systems bought with oil revenue ultimately tipped the balance.
With questions remaining over implementation, any move towards reconciliation seems far away.
Moscow’s role, as in other secessionist conflicts in the region, has been key.