Political reform

Central Asia: 20 Years of Independence

 

As the Soviet Union broke up in 1991, the five Central Asian republics suddenly found themselves independent states, facing numerous challenges in creating a sense of nationhood and building separate economic structures. To mark the two decades since the five new states came into being, IWPR is publishing a series of articles highlighting the common challenges facing them, and some of the ways in which their paths have diverged over the years.

Outgoing prime minister Tigran Sargsyan. (Photo: Photolure agency)
11 Apr 14
Tigran Sargsyan presided over unpopular reforms, and also worked on failed efforts to move closer to Europe.
28 Mar 14
Leaked emails used to claim that some senior figures in Baku are linked to influential Turkish cleric.
Tbilisi city council chairman Irakli Shikhiashvili. (Photo: Tbilisi assembly website)
1 Feb 14
Ruling party using its control of Tbilisi’s elected assembly to pressure mayoral office.
17 Jan 14
United National Movement has survived two election defeats to become serious opposition force.
Poster of Heydar Aliyev in Sumgait. The words say "I will be in Azerbaijan forever”. (Photo: Shahla Sultanova)
17 Dec 13
Ten years after his death, Heydar Aliyev still looms large over the country.
The speaker of Georgia's parliament, David Usupashvili, mounted a robust defence of the local government reform bill. (Photo: Georgian parliament website)
16 Dec 13
Influential church leader warns devolution means separatism. “Nonsense”, say critics.
Campaign poster for the March 10 parliamentary election in Abkhazia. (Photo: Anaid Gogoryan)
Вячеслав Мамедов. (Фото: IWPR)
The speaker of Georgia's parliament, David Usupashvili, mounted a robust defence of the local government reform bill. (Photo: Georgian parliament website) Outgoing prime minister Tigran Sargsyan. (Photo: Photolure agency) Tunisian protesters at the height of the uprising. Many now fear that elements from the former regime are trying to sabotage the revolution. (Photo: Nasser Nouri/Flickr) Those who took part in the January uprising now feel let down by the transitional government. (Photo: Nasser Nouri/Flickr)
Egyptian rights activist Dalia Ziada. (Photo: D. Ziada)
The large street campaigns may be over, but activists are continuing to press for change using online media. Here, a protester holds an Egyptian flag during demonstrations earlier this year. (Photo: Flickr/M. Soli)

 President Saleh has been under pressure to resign since January. This picture shows a protest in Sanaa in February. (Photo: Magnus Mansk/WikiCommons)
Police break up protests on May 29. After the death of a demonstrator following an incident that day, the authorities seem to have scaled back the use of force. (Photo: Magharebia/Flickr) Former Osh mayor Melis Myrzakmatov. (Photo: Ernist Nurmatov) Few believe Assad’s concessions will save him. (Photo: Sean Long/Flickr)