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Libya: Media in Transition

With the fall of the Gaddafi regime, Libya faces numerous challenges. In a fast-changing and highly fluid environment, the country’s media is in need of basic and advanced journalistic and technical support, particularly in light of upcoming national elections.

Recent assessment missions to Tripoli and Benghazi conducted by IWPR have involved intensive fact-finding with existing and emerging media actors, bloggers and activists, as well as discussions with transitional government officials and local civil society organisations. The missions have also resulted in a number of reference and training resources.

Libyan National Radio Infrastructure

During the Gaddafi era, a huge state-owned media network was built under the umbrella of the Libyan Al-Jamahiriyah Broadcasting Corporation, LJBC, with at least ten radio stations broadcasting on FM on multiple frequencies, and an additional four on AM. The infrastructure that remains since the 2011 revolution is significant, and while the quality of hardware and technical capacity varies greatly, the former LJBC network has over 140 FM transmitters and relays spread across the country, as well as production and recording facilities located nationwide.

The LJBC formally ceased to exist after the takeover of Tripoli, and its assets are partly under the control of the National Transitional Council/interim government. Some stations continue to broadcast, with a number still run by former LJBC staff who have come back to work. But much of the former LJBC’s broadcasting capability is simply unused, with stations off the air.

This map shows the location and frequencies of LJBC radio stations prior to October 22, 2011. In addition to these, a new generation of independent private FM stations is emerging across Libya.

Click on icons to reveal location and frequency details of each radio station. Over 100 radio stations have been plotted, please zoom in to reveal more.

IWPR will update this map as the status of individual radio stations becomes clear.

Also available: Large map with list of radio stations

Map legend: Local FM Stations MW Stations Voice of Africa, SW
Koran Channel, FM My Big State Radio, FM Voice of Africa, FM Faith Radio, FM
Africa Radio One, FM State Radio, FM Heritage Channel, FM Youth Channel, FM

Developed Resources and Tools

Related handbooks and printed materials produced by IWPR.


Election reporting is, in essence, no different from any other form of reporting. But during election campaigns, the media as well as politicians come under even more intense scrutiny than usual, as the public follows the news with greater interest than normal. Any report is monitored for possible bias, distortion or inaccuracies. In such an atmosphere, journalists and editors have to maintain even more care and diligence than usual. This is when the good habits of impartial reporting, fact-checking and reliable sourcing really come into their own. This handbook is a practical guide for journalists reporting on elections in Libya, and is based on IWPR’s wide experience of training and working with reporters in the Middle East and in Africa, Europe and Asia.

English, Arabic...

This handbook is a practical guide for journalists in crisis areas, which is based on IWPR’s wide experience of training and working with journalists in Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Africa. The handbook teaches international reporting standards, explaining the journalistic process clearly, from subject choice to final editing. The modules are enhanced with examples and extracts from previously published IWPR stories from around the world.